When I can’t write an historical article on English, I know I have many things to improve on my skills. But I don’t really know what to write about. I am thinking on the lettered ecumene as a digital philological problem. The process of written digitalization is a kind of language problem, but, besides, it is a nice instrument and tool to seek into the lettered orbe. I would like to speak about a peripherical aspect of a Spanish sphere attached to what I call the denationalization of monarquical Spain between 1812 and 1898.
I would like to explore a possible way to get into a national process build by the lettered culture in a Transatlantic mode. The well done work of mapping the republic of letters is a good way to reach a comprehensive thinking, on a hermeneutical sense, about not just Spain, but about the written size of the western historic knowledge.
Thinking about Spain is an a prioristic problem to a young mexican guy, because the prejudge about the colonization, explotation and destroying elements of Mesoamerican civilization by the Spaniard conquerors is a way to interpret wrongly the historical problem. But the liberal historiography, based on many neoclassical thoughts, rise the hispanophobic interpretation.
But in indepent Mexico there were an un-Spanishation process, politically and economically, trapped on a Spanished culture. The oligarchy that rules Mexico on the Nineteenth Century, always in front of a new crisis, had to be careful when the Spanish colony was about, because the foreigner debt and the politics to solve it. Spain only recognizes the Mexican independence on 1836.
Some other authors have reached a well comprehensive interpretation of Mexican-Spanic problem. And its undeniable a continuous Spanish cultural factor, not just in Mexico, but as well on all the Spanish America. On 1892 the celebration of the IV centenary of the America’s discovery, made meet on a war context, a bi-continental effort to explain, share, explore and interchange cultural elements: historics, artistics, literaries, folklorics, ethnologicals, politics, diplomatics, scholars, and some others. But the Cuba, Puerto Rica and Philipines problem, take to the edge two things: the expansion and ruled rol of the United States, near the Belle-Epoque in Europe, and the denationalization of Spain to be complete on 1898. Then the build of Spanish nation was a negative process, as their illustration and their modernity.
The Cadiz Constitution defines the monarchical territory of Spain on 1812 as follow:
El territorio español comprende en la Península con sus posesiones é islas adyacentes, Aragón, Asturias, Castilla la vieja, Castilla la nueva, Cataluña, Córdoba, Extremadura, Galicia, Granada, Jaén, León, Molina, Murcia, Navarra, Provincias Vascongadas, Sevilla y Valencia, las islas Baleares y las Canarias, con las demás posesiones de África. En la América Septentrional, Nueva España, con la Nueva-Galicia y península de Yucatán, Goatemala, provincias internas de Oriente, provincias internas de Occidente, isla de Cuba con las dos Floridas, la parte española de la isla de Santo Domingo, y la isla de Puerto Rico con las demás adyacentes a estas y al continente en uno y otro mar. En la América meridional, la Nueva-Granada, Venezuela, el Perú, Chile, provincias del Río de la Plata, y todas las islas adyacentes en el mar Pacífico y en el Atlántico. En el Asia, las islas Filipinas, y las que dependen de su gobierno (Constitución Política de la Monarquía Española,1812, 7)
To 1898 Spain territory were reduced at their lost of its last colonies: Cuba, Puerto Rico and Phillipines.
Book found: The modern part of an Universal History, from the earliest accounts to the Present time, Many authors. London, 1781. On the next link: https://books.google.com.mx/books?id=qS0IAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA210&lpg=PA210&dq=spanisation&source=bl&ots=HEqBTeG9EV&sig=ACfU3U2ad6jLS572U-MG17VCxkJNIepKng&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjZrNjjit3hAhUED60KHYfWAzgQ6AEwCXoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=spanisation&f=false